Research Activities

IMPORTANT RESEARCH PROGRAMMES

The mandate of the institute is to provide scientific technical support to the M.P. forest department and various forestry related institutions, as well as other stakeholders and forestry sector as a whole, in the state. In order to achieve this objective, the institute has undertaken various research programmes and extension activities, which can be broadly classified as under:

A. Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation

  • Assessment of status and role of sacred groves to conserve biodiversity at different levels in Madhya Pradesh.

  • Infrastructure development and enrichment of botanical garden in the institute campus.

  • Impact assessment on wild life habitat and assessment of biological diversity.

  • Enrichment of herbarium and development of electronic data base.

  • Environmental impact assessment of development projects and preparation of environmental management plans.

  • Ecological studies in natural regeneration of sal and grasslands of national parks with special reference to wildlife management.

  • Vegetational and edaphic studies in different forest types by establishing preservation plots.

  • Documentation of biodiversity status in different districts of Madhya Pradesh.

  • Development of natural resource information system for sustainable forest management in tribal belts of Madhya Pradesh.

  • Environmental impact assessment on wildlife habitat with special reference to tiger and assessment of biological diversity with reference to rare endangered flora and fauna.

  • Determination of sustainable harvesting limits of commercially important wild medicinal plant species in natural forests with active participation of user forest dependent communities.

  • Transcript and documentation of the traditional knowledge of tribals.

B. Silviculture and Forest Management

  • Assessment of sal regeneration in borer infected sal forests of Madhya Pradesh

  • Impact assessment of reclamation of mined lands of Singrauli on physical, biological and ecological attributes.

  • Introduction of egg parasitoids Trichogamma raoi to protect teak seed orchards from the loss caused by teak leaf defoliator and skeletonizer.

  • Assessment of impact of different treatment on rehabilitation of gregariously flowered bamboo forests in M.P.

  • Study on technical feasibility and financial viability of undertaking plantations of miscellaneous species in M.P.

  • Evaluation of works of forest development authority and infrastructural developmental works in forest villages of Madhya Pradesh Forest Department.

  • Evaluation of teak plantations raised by M.P. Rajya Van Vikas Nigam and standardization of optimum thinning regime.

  • Periodic growth measurements in sample plots and tree increment plots.

  • Enhancement of flowering in Mahua using various treatments with hormones and fertilizers.

  • Development of suitable medico-agro-forestry model and extension to farmer fields in M.P

  • Development of nursery and planting techniques of economically important indigenous species.

  • Development of integrated insect pest and disease control system for major economically important tree species.

  • Resource assessment of NTFP’s in People’s Protected Areas (PPA’s)

  • Development of natural resource information system for sustainable forest management

  • Integrated development of Jatropha curcas species.

  • Biological control of teak seed orchards from teak leaf defoliators and skeletonizers.

  • Standardization of agro-cultivation techniques of Stevia rebaudiana and large scale production of quality plants.

  • Study on felling cycles of Dendrocalamus strictus.

  • Growth studies and determination of thinning regime in pine plantations raised in Madhya Pradesh.

  • Analysis of soil samples.

C. Seed Technology

  • Studies on quality seed production and germination behaviour of Teak seeds in relation to age and size.

  • Effect of different periods of fruit harvesting on the seed quality of Achar.

  • Germplasm evaluation and conservation of Madhuca latifolia (Koenig) Mc-Bride-A tree borne oil seed.

  • Development of seed technology and nursery techniques for some economically important indigenous species.

  • Development of seed storage technique of some important medicinal plants.

  • Germplasm evaluation and standardization of packages of propagation through seeds and vegetative propagation of important tree borne oil seeds.

  • Seed certification.

D. Forest Mensuration and Biometrics

  • Maintenance of sample plots, tree increment plots and linear tree increment plots and their periodic growth measurements.

  • Preparation of volume and yield tables.

  • Computation of form factors for timber and fuel wood production.

  • Establishment of new sample plots in coppice crop and plantation areas.

  • Revision of form factors of teak and sal  in different regions of Madhya Pradesh

E. Genetics, Plant Propagation and Tree Improvement

  • Production of superior quality plants of different species for distribution to forest department/schedule caste/ schedule tribe and other people of Madhya Pradesh.

  • Mass production of high fruit yielding forest tree species through bio-technological approaches and its distribution in tribal areas.

  • Germplasm evaluation of important medicinal plants through chemo-profiling technique and production of quality planting stock through improved biotechnological tools.

  • Determination of the optimum harvesting time on the basis of alkaloid contents of identified medicinal plants.

  • Plantation technique of Salai (Boswellia serrata) through vegetative method (Branch cutting) and its comparative growth study with seed origin plants.

  • Establishment of demonstration plots with superior planting stock of Bamboo species Dendrocalmus asper, Bambus tulda and B. balcooa.

  • Identification of high oil yielding trees of Jatropha curcas in various regions of the state and their provenance trials and propagation.

  • Production of quality grafted plants of fruits bearing forest tree species – Mahua, Achar, Aonla, Harra and Bahera with early fruiting property and their distribution in tribal areas.

  • Cryogenic preservation of germplasm of medicinal plants for future breeding purposes.

  • Development of vegetative propagation techniques for Sarpagandha, Guggul, Gudmar and Brahmi.

  • Development of tissue culture protocols for medicinal plants and tree species - Sarpagandha, Guggul, Gudmar, Teak and Bamboo.

  • Establishment of clonal seed orchards of Teak and Khamer and progeny trials of Teak.

  • Establishment of seedling seed orchard through full-sib new hybrids of teak.

  • Selection of superior (plus) trees and establishment of seedling seed orchards of Khair, Mahua, Achar, Bel, Kaitha, Aonla, Harra, Bahera, Salai, Teak and Khamer.

  • Study on reproductive biology of teak with special reference to the seed productivity of clonal seed orchards.

  • Development of new recombinants of teak and evaluation of their field performance.

  • Evaluation of field performance of new hybrids of teak.

  • Evaluation of existing plus trees of teak in Madhya Pradesh for the selection of the desired traits

F. Non-Wood Forest Products (including medicinal plants)

a) In-situ conservation

  • Identification of potential pockets of endangered medicinal plants in Satpura Plateau

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b) Ex-situ conservation

  • Mass multiplication of commercially important medicinal and aromatic plants.

  • Strengthening of ex-situ gene bank of medicinal and aromatic plants.

  • Ex-situ conservation of important, rare and endangered medicinal plant species through establishment of gene-bank and their mass propagation.

  • Mass multiplication of exotic verities of ornamental plants.

c) Sustainable harvesting

  • Studies on variation in size, weight, quality and maturity period of Aonla fruits in different agro-climatic zones.

  • Sustainable harvesting practices, propagation, tree improvement, wildlife uses, marketing and consumption status of Non-Timber Forest produce and medicinal plants.

  • Determination of sustainable harvesting limits of commercially important wild medicinal plant species in natural forests with active participation of user forest dependent communities.

d) Processing, Storage and Marketing

  • Collection, processing and marketing of Achar.

  • Development of marketing information service of medicinal plants.

  • Standardization of primary processing and drying techniques of NWFPs.

  • Determination of drying percentage in Boswellia serrata.

  • Development of seed storage techniques.

e) Certification

  • Chemoprofiling of Andrographis paniculata and Bacopa monneri. Aloe vera, Gymnema sylvestre, Gloriosa superba, Stevia rebaudiana, Enicostema littorale (Chhota chirayta).

G. Ethno-botanical studies

  • Documentation of traditional tribal knowledge on utilization and sustainable management of forest resources in tribal belt of Mandla and Dindori districts.

  • Documentation of traditional knowledge of Baigas, Sahariyas and Bhariyas of M.P.

  • Role of sacred groves in biodiversity conservation.

H. Socio-economic studies and impact assessment

  • To study the socio-economic condition, income and employment of farmers engaged in cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants.

  • Assessment of the impact of World Food Programme in the state.

  • Development of marketing information system and service of medicinal plants of central India.

I. Transfer of technology

  • Training on "Application of research technologies in field forestry" to the field foresters of Research/Extension and Lokvaniki circles and territorial divisions of Department of Forest, Govt. of Madhya Pradesh.

    Demonstration and extension of processing, standardization and drying techniques of medicinal plants and their storage at rural level.

  • Training on bio-technology, plant propagation and tissue culture.

  • Training on cultivation technique of Jatropha for farmers.

  • Training-cum-demonstration program in cultivation, processing and marketing of medicinal and aromatic plants.

  • Training and extension for the cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants in PPA areas.

  • Training and demonstration programme for transfer of technology for enhancing flowering and fruiting in Mahua trees through application of various fertilizers and chemicals.

  • Trainings for the staff of forest department in the maintenance of seed orchards and seed production areas.

  • Lac culture on various host plant species and transfer of adopted technology to rural population.

  • Production of vermiculture and vermicompost from organic wastes and its extension to the rural population.

                  

  • Training programme on Global Positing System (GPS).

  • Participation in exhibitions and fairs.

MAJOR RESEARCH CONTRIBUTION

The institute undertakes need-based forestry research programmes of the state and plays a dynamic role to adopt mitigatory measures to address various forestry management problems. Some of the research contributions are enumerated below:

  1. Developing techniques for afforestation of difficult and hostile mined sites.

  2. Provenance trials related to fuel and fodder species and compilation of their growth data.

  3. Study to ascertain causes of mortality in teak trees in different regions of Madhya Pradesh.

  4. Preparation of volume and yield tables of several species.

  5. Revision of form factors of teak and sal in different forest divisions of M.P.

  6. Development of new hybrid seeds of teak through controlled pollination and tree improvement programmes for the production of quality seeds and planting material.

  7. Establishment of seed production areas and of seedling seed orchards from superior germplasm of various commercially important forestry species.

  8. Development of vegetative propagation and tissue culture protocols for mass propagation of important species.

  9. Identification and collection of germplasm from plus trees.

  10. Inventory of forest flora and plant resources with emphasis on rare and threatened species in various National Parks with special reference to wildlife management.

  11. Studies on variation in size, weight, quality and maturity period of Aonla fruits in different agro-climatic zones of M.P.

  12. Maintenance and upgradation of gene bank of medicinal plant species.

  13. Cryogenic preservation of germplasm of endangered medicinal plant species.

  14. Resource assessment in People's Protected Areas (PPAs) in different forest divisions of the state.

  15. Preparation of Lok Vaniki Manual.

  16. Study of socio-economic aspects of forestry, emphasizing economics of non-timber forest products, medicinal and aromatic plants and studies on dependency of tribals on forests for fuel and fodder.

  17. Environmental impact assessment and preparation of environmental management plan of irrigation projects.

  18. Studies on pollination biology, seed setting, fruit setting and germination behavior.

  19. Comparative studies on the effect of inorganic and biofertilizers on growth and biomass of seedlings.

  20. To study the effect of fruit harvesting time on the seed quality of Buchanania lanzan Spreng.

  21. Production of vermiculture and vermicompost from various types of organic wastes and extension of its technology to rural population.

  22. Standardization of protocols for micro propagation of endangered medicinal plant species of central India and their cryogenic preservation for future multiplication.   

  23. Development of integrated insect pest and disease control system for major economically important tree species.

  24. Lac culture on various host plant species and transfer of adopted technology to rural population for their economic upliftment.

  25. Assessment of different treatments on rehabilitation of gregariously flowered bamboo forests in Madhya Pradesh

  26. Identification and documentation of plus trees of important tree species and evaluation of existing plus trees of teak in Madhya Pradesh for desired traits.

  27. Assessment of sal regeneration in borer affected sal forests of Madhya Pradesh.

  28. Impact assessment of reclamation of mined lands of Singrauli on physical and ecological attributes.

  29. Assessment of status and role of sacred groves to conserve biodiversity at different levels in Madhya Pradesh - Chhindwara and Hoshangabad districts.

  30. Germplasm evaluation of important medicinal plants through chemo-profiling technique.

  31. Development of seed technology and nursery techniques for economically important indigenous species.

  32. Germplasm evaluation and standardization of packages of propagation of important tree borne oil seeds.

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